Understanding Abnormal Semen Analysis Results
Sperm must have the proper shape (morphology) and must be able to move toward the egg properly (motility). If either or both of these requirements are impaired, the sperm will not be able to reach and fertilize an egg. A sperm concentration of below 10 million per milliliter of semen accounts for a low sperm count.
When you begin working with Dr. Mark Rispler or Dr. Joshua J. Berger, he will likely order a full fertility work-up, which includes a semen analysis for your partner. Many people believe that infertility only affects women, but approximately one-half of cases are linked to male factor infertility. A semen analysis will look at various factors and provide initial information about possible barriers to conception.
How semen analysis works
To collect accurate data, your partner will need to produce a semen sample. Your doctor may recommend that you and your partner abstain from intercourse for one to two days before collection of the sample. Typically, male patients produce semen samples via masturbation. Lubrication should not be used because it can disrupt the test. Your partner may schedule a time in our office to collect and leave the sample, or he can drop a fresh sample* at the clinic.
*Semen specimens must be delivered to Innovative Fertility Center within one hour of ejaculation.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as Chlamydia, Syphilis and gonorrhea, can cause a problem with male infertility, especially with repeated occurrences. The consistent abuse of alcohol and recreational drugs or a dependency on either or both can contribute to infertility. Prescription medications can cause various degrees of infertility issues, so it’s best to consult your prescribing physician prior to starting a medication. Anabolic steroids can affect hormone production and reduce the quality of sperm production. Smoking directly affects the production of sperm. Men who smoke have a lower sperm count than non-smokers.